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Citing Sources in MLA 9

A quick guide to help you cite sources in MLA 9.

In-Text Citations in MLA 9

in-text citation icon

 In-text Citations are short references that point to the Works Cited page, a complete list of sources you found and used for your research project. The first time you reference a source, the In-Text Citation begins with whatever is listed first on the Works Cited page.

 

author writer

 

Three ways to create an In-Text MLA 9 citation - Author's Name

 

In the database journal article example below, the citation in the Works Cited lists the author's name first.

Pierce,  Patricia. “Shakespeare and the Forgotten Heroes.” History Today, vol. 56, no. 7, July 2006, pp.3-4.  

           EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.westerntc.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,cpid&

           custid=s6269778&db=aph&AN=21432939&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

The way you write any given sentence determines how you will create your In-Text citation. For example:

  1. Your citation can be built into a sentence 
    • Patricia Pierce sheds new light on Shakespeare's first editors.
  2. The citation appears at the end of the sentence in parenthesis
    • John Heminges and Henry Condell compiled and published First Folio, thirty-six of Shakespeare's seven years after the author died. (Pierce)
  3. If you quote or paraphrase a specific part of the article, add the page number at the end
    • According to Patricia Pierce, there is little evidence to support the claim that the younger of the two, Henry Condell, may have played some of the female parts in Shakespeare's plays (3).
    • There is little evidence to support the claim that the younger of the two, Henry Condell, may have played some of the female parts in Shakespeare's plays (Pierce 3).

title

 

3 ways to Create an In-Text MLA 9 Citation when there is no Author

 

In the Works Cited reference below there is no author so the title of the article is listed first.

"First Folio." The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide, edited by Helicon, 2018. Credo

                   Reference, https://ezproxy.westerntc.edu:2443/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/heliconhe

       /first_folio/0?institutionId=2968.

Again, the way you write any given sentence determines how you will create your In-Text citation. For example:

  • Citation built into a sentence
    • According to "First Folio," the first edition of Shakespeare's plays was published in 1623.
  • Citation in parenthesis
    • The only of Shakespeare's play not to be published in play not published in ("First Folio").
  • Page number added in parenthesis
    • The second reprinting in 1632 is known as the Second Folio, the third in 1664 as the Third Folio, and the fourth in 1685 as the Fourth Folio ("First Folio" 1).

More Information and Examples: MLA 9 In-Text Citations


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