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MLA 9 Citation & Style

A quick guide to help you cite sources in MLA 9.

MLA 9 Citations - What Do I Need?

Breaking Down the Basic Elements You Need to Include in a Citation

The elements of a citation are color coded solely for the purposes of learning and identifying the order each element is placed within the citation. When you create a Works Cited list, black is used for the entire document.  NOTE:  If any element is missing for your source, skip it and move to the next position.

  • 1st position:  Author Last Name, First Name Middle Name or Initial.
  • 2nd position: Title of Longer Work  -- title of book or ebook - in italics
    • OR...
      •  "Title of Shorter Work." -- title of article or web page --  in quotes " "
  • 3rd position: Name of Newspaper, Magazine, Journal, or Website -- in italics
  • 4th position: Contributors -- editor, director, etc.
  • 5th position: Edition OR Version -- 3rd ed. OR volume number of a journal -- vol. 78
  • 6th position: Numbers after the volume --- vol. 78, no. 4
  • 7th position: Publisher Name
  • 8th position: Publication Date and page numbers
  • 9th position: Library Database Name (in italics) with URL or DOI from library database or web source

Example Sources

ebook icon

Print Book Citation - One Author

Dunton-Downer, Leslie. Essential Shakespeare Handbook. Dorling-Kinserley, 2013

Print Book Citation - Two Authors

Dunton-Downer, Leslie and Alan Riding. Essential Shakespeare Handbook. Dorling-Kinserley, 2013

eBook Citation

Lyne, Raphel. Shakespeare’s Late Work. OUP Oxford, 2007. EBSCOhost



Library Database Scholarly Journal Article with a URL

Pierce, Patricia. “Shakespeare and the Forgotten Heroes.” History Today, vol. 56, no. 7, July 2006, pp. 3–4. EBSCOhost,



Library Database Scholarly Journal Article with a doi: number

Swarbrick, Steven and Karen Raber. “Shakespeare’s Cognitive Ethology: Bias as Plasticity.” Criticism, vol. 62, no. 3, Summer

          2020, p. 367–386. EBSCOhost, doi:10.13110/criticism.62.3.0367.

Library Database Scholarly Newspaper Article

Andreae, Christopher. “Shakespeare Workshops ‘Much Ado about Something.’” Christian Science Monitor, vol. 93, no. 117,

          11 May 2001, p. 19. EBSCOhost,


Library Database Scholarly Magazine Article

Jones, Radhika. “212. Blank Verse Under a Big Sky.” TIME Magazine, vol. 188, no. 2/3, July 2016, pp. 96–97. EBSCOhost,



Website Article

"William Shakespeare." Academy of American Poets.

EXAMPLE: Works Cited List

sample MLA 9 works cited

Key Things to Remember - Formatting a Works Cited List

  • Begin your Works Cited list on a separate page from the rest of your document
  • Center - Works Cited - at the top of the page
  • Citations must be double-spaced
  • Citations must be listed in alphabetical order
  • Citations must be formatted with a hanging indent (1/2")
  • End all citations with a period

MLA Citations for the Uncommon Sources

Citing Uncommon Sources

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