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Citing Sources in APA 7

A quick guide to help you cite sources in APA 7.

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APA = Citations and Beyond

black and white image shows student with thought bubble containing quote marksWhen most people think of APA, they think of citations and research.

That is partially accurate because APA style does provide a format for including and giving credit for research in our writing.

But APA is actually much more than just citations…

APA stands for American Psychological Association, which is the organization that creates and maintains the APA style. 

APA style is a broad but specific set of guidelines for clear and precise scholarly writing.

Why use APA?

APA can help you organize and structure your writing. 

APA style provides writers with directions for clear, concise, and organized writing. Specifically, APA provides uniformity and consistency for writers and readers in:

  • Formatting - How we set up technical aspects of the paper/the "look" of the paper
  • Organization - Ensures that the order of ideas presented are predictable and consistent
  • Language - Provides guides and suggestions to ensure the language we use in our writing is respectful, bias-free, and "academic"
  • Citation of Research - Allows us to easily and briefly give credit to our sources within our writing
  • References - Provides a uniform structure to give readers all of the information they need to know exactly where our comforation came from (and find it themselves, if they choose).

Using APA is an academic (and vocational) skill.

It is used by millions of people around the word in many fields such as psychology, education, nursing, and social work.

Almost ALL post-secondary coursework requires writing to follow guidelines for some kind of uniform format (APA, MLA, AMA, Chicago, etc.) and almost ALL post-secondary work requires the ability to find, use, and cite research.

It's important to know when and how to give credit for our research.

Contents of This Guide

This guide will introduce you to the basics of APA style and answer the most common questions that we have related to this style.

On this guide, you'll find information about:

  • Why and when to use APA
  • The basics of APA style
  • Citing sources in APA (including intext citations and references)
  • Formatting in APA (including title page, page numbering, and the References page)
  • How to get help with APA and citing sources

Note: This guide uses materials and content adapted from the APA Style guide created by the Excelsior Online Writing Lab and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-4.0 International License.

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