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Citing Sources in APA 7

A quick guide to help you cite sources in APA 7.

Citing Sources in APA

Citation iconAPA style includes recommendations for how to cite sources and give credit when you use the ideas or words of others. When writing in APA style, you will need to provide in text citations within your paper and a list of references you include at the end of your paper.

Different Sources - Different Citation Formats

Standard format for the APA citation of a reputable web page:

  • Author Last Name, First Initial... or a Corporate Author

  • (Date) ... or (n.d.) if no date available. 

  • Title of page or article. 

  • Title of Source. 

  • URL

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Webpage citation example





Standard format for the APA citation of an online database journal article:

  • Author Last Name, First Initial.
  • (Date) ... or (n.d.) if no date available. 
  • Article title,
  • Journal name, volume and issue number, page range of the article
  • DOI (if available).

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Online database article citation




A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique and never-changing string assigned to online (journal) articles, books, and other works. DOIs make it easier to retrieve works, which is why citation styles, like APA and MLA Style, recommend including them in citations.

APA 7 In-Text Citations

Listing your sources in a References page is only one part of the citation process. The other part of citing your sources is to site areas of content in your paper where you directly quoted the words of the author or paraphrased their ideas. The in-text citation points your reader to a particular source in your works cited list. APA 7 uses the author-page number format to create in-text citations.

Web Page - In-Text Citation for Reference Entry

In-Text Citation for Web Page







Online Journal - In-Text Citation for Reference Entry






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