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Fake News & Fake Facts: Media Literacy Awareness

Learn how language can be used to in a way that it affects the way people perceive reality. Unlike real news, whose purpose is to simply inform, the main purpose of disinformation is to confuse and manipulate people.


What are Fallacies?

icon - illogical face

Fallacies are types of arguments based on faulty reasoning and logically unsound. They may be delivered loudly and with a conviction that makes them sound as though they are provable facts.  Fallacies are classified as either formal or informal. Informal fallacies are commonly found in mass media (radio, television, newspapers) and social media. A formal fallacy is a flaw in the structure of a deductive argument that renders it invalid.

Learn more about some specific fallacies in the boxes below.

Nonsense Logic - False Equivalency Fallacy

Image - Fallacy:  Lions & tigers are cats. They are brutal killer. House cats are brutal killers, too.

Common Fallacies

Image: assumes something is good or true because that's the way it's always been done.

Bandwagon Fallacy Image - asserts a claim is true because many people believe it.Image - Fallacy that treats opinion as fact


Image: False Cause Fallacy states because two things happened near each other, one caused the otherImage: False Equivalency Fallacy - masks take away our freedom, just like slavery

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