Learn how language can be used to in a way that it affects the way people perceive reality. Unlike real news, whose purpose is to simply inform, the main purpose of fake news is to confuse and manipulate people.
Fallacies are types of arguments based on faulty reasoning and logically unsound. They may be delivered loudly and with a conviction that makes them sound as though they are provable facts. Fallacies are classified as either formal or informal. Informal fallacies are commonly found in mass media (radio, television, newspapers) and social media. A formal fallacy is a flaw in the structure of a deductive argument that renders it invalid.
Learn more about some specific fallacies in the boxes below.
Biases can often result in arguments based on logical fallacies, flaws in reasoning that weaken or invalidate an argument. Whether they’re used intentionally or unintentionally, they can be quite persuasive. Learning how to identify fallacies is an excellent way to avoid being fooled or manipulated by faulty arguments. It will also help you avoid making fallacious arguments yourself!