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Citing Sources in Chicago Style

Guide to citing sources using Chicago/Turabian Style

Chicago/Turabian: Two Methods of Citing Sources

1. Notes-Bibliography Style

This Chicago style consists of either footnotes OR endnotes, AND a bibliography

  • used in humanities subject fields such as literature, history, and the arts
  • may use numbered footnotes - citations at the bottom of each individual page that corresponds to a source in the bibliography OR
  • may use  numbered endnotes - citations at the end of the paper that corresponds to a source in the bibliography

includes a bibliography listed in alphabetical order as the final element in the paper

  • Example: Notes-Bibliography Database Citation for Peer-Reviewed Article
  • NOTE: The citation tools in library databases are great, because you can simply copy/paste it into your paper. BUT...sometimes database citations are wrong AND you must correct it before you submit your paper. For example: The ALL CAPS in the author's names in the citation example below is incorrect, and must be fixed before you submit your paper.


2. Author-Date Style

  • used in the physical, natural, and social sciences
  • sources are briefly cited in-text within  parentheses by author’s last name and date of publication (Jones, 2020)
  • in-text parenthetical citations correspond to a list of references, where complete bibliographic.


Link to samples and examples of Note-Bibliography and Author-Date methods are described in the video below.

Links to Resources About the Two Methods of Chicago Style

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